Photophysics, Ultrafast Spectroscopy, Quantum Materials, Solar Energy Conversion
Summary: We are interested in photophysics in nano, molecular, and hybrid semiconductors and interfaces. We focus on dynamics of quasiparticles (excitons, polarons, polaritons, etc.) and their many-body interactions. These interactions are important to a range of optoelectronic processes, such as solar energy conversion, light emission, and polariton condensation. We employ state-of-the-art experimental techniques, including, among others, time-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, femtosecond nonlinear optical spectroscopies, transient absorption and emission spectroscopies, and two-dimensional spectroscopies. As examples, recent discoveries in our lab revealed how dynamic screening and large polaron formation can make lead halide perovskite defect tolerant, how excitons at van der Waals 2D semiconductor interfaces undergo phase transitions, and how cavity exciton polariton condensates in anisotropic semiconductors become excellent quantum simulators of many-body spin-orbital interactions. Our group is part of the DOE Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC) on Programmable Quantum Materials and part of the NSF Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) for Precision-Assembled Quantum Materials.
Yusong Bai, Lin Zhou, Jue Wang, Wenjing Wu, Leo McGilly, Dorri Halbertal, Chiu Fan B. Lo , Fang Liu, Jenny Ardelean, Pasqual Rivera, Nathan R. Finney, Xuchen Yang, Dmitri N. Basov, Wang Yao, Xiaodong Xu, James Hone, Abhay Pasupathy, X.-Y. Zhu. “Excitons in strain-induced one-dimensional moiré potentials at transition-metal dichalcogenide heterojunctions,” Nature Mater. 2020, 19, 1068-1073.
Fang Liu, Wenjing Wu, Yusong Bai, Sang Hoon Chae, Qiuyang Li, Jue Wang, James Hone, X.-Y. Zhu, “Disassembling 2D van der Waals Crystals into Macroscopic Monolayers and Reassembling into Artificial Lattices,” Science 2020, 367, 903-906.
Jue Wang, Jenny Ardelean, Yusong Bai, Alexander Steinhoff, Matthias Florian, Frank Jahnke, Xiaodong Xu, Mack Kira, James Hone, X.-Y. Zhu, “Optical generation of high carrier densities in 2D semiconductor hetero-bilayers,” Science Adv. 2019, 5, aax0145.
Fang Liu, Mark Ziffer, Kameron R. Hansen, Jue Wang, X.-Y. Zhu, “Direct determination of band gap renormalization in photo-excited monolayer MoS2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 2019 122, 246803.
Felisa S. Conrad-Burton, T. Liu, F. Geyer, R. Costantini, A. Schlaus, M. S. Spencer, J. Wang, R. Hernández Sánchez, B. Zhang, Q. Xu, M. L. Steigerwald, S. Xiao, H. Li, C. Nuckolls, X.-Y. Zhu “Controlling singlet fission by molecular contortion,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2019, 141, 13143-13147.
Kiyoshi Miyata, Felisa S. Conrad-Burton, Florian L. Geyer, X.-Y. Zhu, “Triplet pair states in singlet fission,” Chem. Rev. 2019, 119, 4261-4292.
Kiyoshi Miyata, X.-Y. Zhu, “Ferroelectric large polarons,” Nature Mater. 2018, 17, 379-381.
M. V. Gustafsson, Matthew Yankowitz, Carlos Forsythe, Daniel Rhodes, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, James Hone, X.-Y. Zhu, Cory R. Dean, “Ambipolar Landau levels and strong band-selective carrier interactions in monolayer WSe2,” Nature Mater. 2018, 17, 411-415.
Nicholas R. Monahan, Dezheng Sun, H. Tamura, Kristopher W. Williams, Bolei Xu, Yu Zhong, Bharat Kumar, Colin Nuckolls, Avetik R. Harutyunyan, Gugang Chen, Hai-Lung Dai, D. Beljonne, Yi Rao, X.-Y. Zhu, “Dynamics of the triplet pair state reveals the likely co-existence of coherent and incoherent singlet fission in crystalline hexacene,” Nature Chem. 2017, 9, 341-346.
Kiyoshi Miyata, Daniele Meggiolaro, M. Tuan Trinh, Prakriti P. Joshi, Edoardo Mosconi, Skyler Jones, Filippo De Angelis, X.-Y. Zhu, “Large polarons in lead halide perovskites,” Science Adv. 2017, 3, e1701217.
Kristopher W. Williams, Nicholas R. Monahan, Tyler J. S. Evans, X.-Y. Zhu, “Direct time-domain view of Auger recombination in a semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 2017, 118, 087402.
M. Tuan Trinh, Andrew Pinkard, Andrew B. Pun, Samuel N. Sanders, Elango Kumarasamy, Matthew Y. Sfeir, Luis M. Campos, Xavier Roy, X.-Y. Zhu, “Distinct properties of the triplet pair state from singlet fission,” Science Adv. 2017, 3, e1700241.
Gregory D. Scholes, Graham R. Fleming, Lin X. Chen, Alán Aspuru-Guzik, Andreas Buchleitner, David F. Coker, Gregory S. Engel, Rienk van Grondelle, Akihito Ishizaki, David M. Jonas, Jeff S. Lundeen, James K. McCusker, Shaul Mukamel, Jennifer P. Ogilvie, Alexandra Olaya-Castro, Mark A. Ratner, Frank C. Spano, K. Birgitta Whaley, X.-Y. Zhu, “Utilizing Coherence to Enhance Function in Chemical and Biophysical Systems” Nature, 2017, 543, 647-656.
K. Miyata, T. L. Atallah, X.-Y. Zhu, “Lead halide perovskites: crystal-liquid duality, phonon glass electron crystal, and large polaron formation,” Science Adv. 2017, 3, e1701469.
Haiming Zhu, Kiyoshi Miyata, Yongping Fu, Jue Wang, Prakriti P. Joshi, Daniel Niesner, Kristopher J. Williams, Song Jin, X.-Y. Zhu, “Screening in crystalline liquids protects energetic carriers in hybrid perovskites,” Science, 2016, 353, 1409-1413.
Haiming Zhu, Yongping Fu, Fei Meng, Xiaoxi Wu, Zizhou Gong, Qi Ding, Martin V. Gustafsson, M. Tuan Trinh, Song Jin, X.-Y. Zhu, “Lead halide perovskite nanowire lasers with low lasing thresholds and high quality factors,” Nature Mater. 2015, 14, 636-642.